The Temple of Ištar of Arbela

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Martti Nissinen Raija Mattila


The Neo-Assyrian city of Arbela (modern Erbil) was the city of the goddess Ištar, whose temple called Egašankalamma “House of the Queen of the Land,” was the foremost temple of the city and one of the most important Neo-Assyrian temples of Ištar. The temple was a strong nationwide economical centre and the venue of royal festivals after military conquests. Moreover, Egašankalamma was the cradle of Assyrian prophecy. This article explores all cuneiform evidence of the temple of Ištar in Arbela: its decoration, cultic and economical activities, and personnel including the prophets.

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